Cebu City, Cebu
Magellan’s Cross is probably one of the most important and the most famous historical landmarks, in Cebu City, Cebu. On April 14, 1521, it was erected by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who arrived in the Philippines as part of a Spanish expedition which resulted in Spain’s domination of the islands. At this site the indigenous king of Cebu, Rajah Humabon, and 800 of his followers were baptized.
The original cross slowly deteriorated over time. Another cross, made of tindalo wood, was set up on the site in 1854. Today, a pavilion serves as a home to the cross. The shelter’s ceiling is actually a mural depicting the first mass ever held in the Philippines.